Making fertilizer

How to make natural fertilizer at home for plants and garden

Mary Smith
By Mary Smith. Updated: December 26, 2018
How to make natural fertilizer at home for plants and garden

Fertile land in our gardens or orchards is essential to cultivate and for plants to grow faster and healthier, since they will receive better nutrients. So the more organic and less chemical components the fertilizer has, the better and more natural the soil will be. Therefore, at we teach you how to make excellent natural fertilizer with organic waste products out of leftover food and other waste such as leaves, vegetables, coffee grounds, eggshells or manure. Follow this homemade and inexpensive method to develop your compost.

You may also be interested in: The Best Food Scraps for Compost

Steps to follow:


Gather the organic waste from your trash. Remember that in order to make an all natural fertilizer, you should only use food waste (shells, fruits, vegetables...) we can also use yard waste such as grass, plants or leaves. It is recommended that you do not incorporate the remains of animals or oils, dairy products, diseased plants or chemicals such as pesticides or herbicides.

How to make natural fertilizer at home for plants and garden - Step 1

Choose a place in the garden and make a hole in the ground. This hole should be about 50 cm deep and the same in diameter. Another common method is to use an open container with holes on the surface.


Enter organic material in to the hole and cover it with soil. Every day can go and add a little more soil.


Cover the top of the hole with fabrics, sheets or wire mesh. This will prevent the rainwater from seeping in and flooding it.


Air out the waste pile once a week. You can use a rake and move waste from the outside to the inside. This method will prevent the waste from compacting

How to make natural fertilizer at home for plants and garden - Step 5

Check that the materials are decomposing properly. Note that the fertilizer needs the right amount of moisture. To check that they are decomposing fine, check that the lot has the appearance of a wet sponge.


If you start to prepare the fertiliser in summer, you will just have to wait 2 or 3 months until it is ready. If you started in winter, you will need 5 months. You will know that the fertilizer is ready when you can no longer tell the original waste apart. The fertiliser will be dark brown and should smell of damp earth.


After this time, you can incorporate the natural fertilizer in to your flowerbeds, where your plants will grow healthier and stronger.


Follow these simple steps and learn how to make natural fertilizer easily at home.


How to fertilize plants with homemade products

Before using any homemade product to fertilize plants remember that the soil should be moist before carrying out the process, so water them before adding any fertiliser.

  • If you like eating eggs we have good news for you: not only are they a great source of protein but its shell is also great at nourishing your plants. Break up some shells, clean them, and put on the soil, you can also sometimes water your plants with the water you cooked your eggs in.
  • Vegetable fans should know that all the nutrients and vitamins our body receives from vegetables can also be beneficial for plants, so you should keep the water you cook your vegetables in to water your plants with. But make sure that it doesn't contain any salt or spices.
  • Old nails are also a great home product to fertilize your plants. Instead of throwing them away bury them in with your plants and watch your iron intake make your plants look more beautiful.
  • Those with fish as pets can reuse the water removed when cleaning the tank for watering the plants, because it contains organic waste that is very helpful and will make your plants healthier.

Take advantage of these resources and help your plants grow stronger and healthier.

If you want to read similar articles to How to make natural fertilizer at home for plants and garden, we recommend you visit our Garden & lawn category.


  • Avoid excess moisture. This can cause the compost pile to smell bad. If the humidity is low, the waste will heat up and not properly decompose. In that case, we recommend that you water the fertilizer if it is very hot or if the weather is dry. Prevent puddle, simply moisten slightly.
  • The natural compost should smell like dirt. Otherwise, air it out more often and incorporate more organic waste such as leaves.
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How to make natural fertilizer at home for plants and garden